Ralph Bunche is the first person of color to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950 – nearly 50 years after the prize was formed. Bunche was a political scientist and educator lauded for his efforts during the Civil Rights movement. He was also instrumental in the formation of the United Nations. In 1949, as a U.N. mediator on Palestine, he successfully mediated an armistice agreement between Israel and Arab states. Prior to his work with the U.N., Bunche worked in the Dept of Political Science at Howard University.