Lee Daniels: The Butler, Mandela, and Fruitvale Station are also honored.
The African-American Film Critics Association (AAFCA) has named 12 Years a Slave the top film of 2013. The film also earned Best Director, Best Screenplay and Best Newcomer honors for Steve McQueen, John Ridley and Lupita Nyong'o.
Others films honored by the association include Forrest Whitaker for Best Actor in Lee Daniels: The Butler, Oprah Winfrey for Best Supporting actress in The Butler, Fruitvale Station as the Best Independent film and Raphael Saadiq with the Best Music award for his work in Black Nativity.
"Hollywood did an excellent job in providing filmgoers with excellent examples of cinema that examine the core of the humanity. We hope this trend continues," says AAFCA's East Coast V.P. Daryle Lockhart of BlackBoxOffice.com.
AAFCA's Top Ten list of films also includes Mandela, 42, American Hustle and Gravity.
The awards will be formally presented during a private ceremony on Friday, January 31 in Hollywood.